Urinary tract infections are bacterial infections that affect the urinary system. The urinary system comprises of the bladder, kidneys, urethra, and sphincter muscles. It is responsible for producing, storing, and excreting urine from the body. Bacteria-caused urinary tract infections can affect the functioning of this system.
E. coli is the bacteria most commonly responsible for causing urinary tract infections. Urinary tract infections can affect any part of the urinary tract. Urine produced by the urinary system contains waste products. Infection of the urinary system can provide an environment where bacteria can easily develop in the urine.
Causes of Urinary Tract Infections
Among causes of urinary tract infections, the most common causes are bacterial. This infection can spread further to other parts of the urinary system, with the bladder being the most frequently affected. Urinary tract infections are more common in women. Menopause can also be one of the causes for increased UTI. Other causes associated with urinary tract infections are as follows:
- Kidney stones
- Surgery involving the urinary tract
- Bowel incontinence
- Enlargement of the prostate
- Blockage in the flow of urine
- Difficulty in emptying the bladder can lead to urine retention
- An advanced stage of any disease like Alzheimer’s
- A specific medical condition that causes emptying of bladder like menopause or diabetes can be among causes of UTI more common in women.
- Other causes of urinary tract infections may include insertion of a catheter in the urinary tract and a person being immobile for a long period, such as due to a fracture.
UTI Treatments and Remedies
There are many treatments and home remedies available for patients. Changing the lifestyle and habits can also help a lot in treatments. Regular bathing and maintaining hygiene are useful treatments.
Natural remedies are inexpensive methods as treatments of UTI. Some traditional and natural treatments are listed below:
Intake of antibiotics can be helpful as UTI treatments. Antibiotics are effective in fighting against the bacteria responsible for causing infection in the urinary system. Pain relievers like Uristat can also be used as treatments for symptoms of UTI.
Consuming plenty of water is among effective treatments. A bottle containing hot water can provide useful treatments for providing relief from pain.
Cranberry juice can be beneficial among UTI treatments. Cranberry tablets can also be used. People with a family history of kidney stones should avoid this method.
Avoiding things that can worsen the condition can help treatments. Patients should avoid spicy food, coffee, and alcohol to prevent irritation of the bladder. Smoking should also be avoided to support treatments as it can cause bladder cancer.
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