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Dr. Gary Small, M.D.

2 Weeks To a Younger Brain
Misplacing your keys, forgetting someone's name at a party, or coming home from the market without the most important item — these are just some of the many common memory slips we all experience from time to time.

The Memory Bible
The international bestseller that provides pioneering brain-enhancement strategies, memory exercises, a healthy brain diet, and stress reduction tps for enhancing cognitive function and halting memory loss.

Gary Small, M.D., is Chair of Psychiatry at Hackensack University Medical Center, and Physician in Chief for Behavioral Health Services at Hackensack Meridian Health, New Jersey’s largest, most comprehensive and integrated healthcare network. Dr. Small has often appeared on the TODAY show, Good Morning America, and CNN and is co-author (with his wife Gigi Vorgan) of 10 popular books, including New York Times bestseller, “The Memory Bible,” “The Small Guide to Anxiety,” and “The Small Guide to Alzheimer’s Disease.”

Tags: memory | aging | cognitive decline

Common Forms of Memory Decline

Dr. Small By Wednesday, 02 September 2020 04:42 PM EDT Current | Bio | Archive

Cognitive experts classify memories as either short term or long term. A long-term memory could be your first kiss, favorite school teacher, your best friend in high school, or hearing your firstborn child speak for the first time.

Such long-term memories tend to be stable throughout life because they are enhanced by strong emotional feelings attached to them.

Sometimes, the feelings that strengthen these emotional memories can be negative.

For example, many people recall in vivid detail what they were doing and feeling when they learned about the assassination of President John Kennedy or John Lennon.

It’s unlikely that they would recall the same details from just a week before those tragic events because there are not strong feelings attached to the earlier memories.

Even if a long-term memory is not linked to an intense emotion, it is often more stable than a short-term memory that is related to more recent experiences.

For many people, it’s easy to recall the name of the street where they grew up, but it can be more difficult to remember the name of the movie they saw just a week earlier.

One reason long-term memories have greater stability is that they have been reviewed many times over the course of years.

But because we naturally attempt to learn and recall everything that we experience, our brains have to pick and choose what to remember depending on whether or not the information is useful.

For instance, a politician may be better at remembering names and faces because it can aid in his or her political advancement.

By contrast, a mathematician is more likely to remember numbers and equations than names and faces.

Another form of short-term memory that declines with age is working memory, which allows us to temporarily organize and manipulate new information.

When you look up a phone number and remember it just long enough to punch it into your phone, you’re using working memory.

If you don’t make an effort to memorize that number, you probably won’t recall it just five minutes later.

© 2023 NewsmaxHealth. All rights reserved.

One reason long-term memories have greater stability is that they have been reviewed many times over the course of years.
memory, aging, cognitive decline
Wednesday, 02 September 2020 04:42 PM
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