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Tags: INSS | Middle East | suicide bombings

Report: Suicide Bombings Increased 94 Percent In 2014

Report: Suicide Bombings Increased 94 Percent In 2014
Afghan workers clean the site of a suicide car bombing in Kabul, Afghanistan. (Hedayatullah/Amid/EPA/Landov)

By    |   Wednesday, 07 January 2015 03:01 PM EST

A new report released by Israel's Institute for National Security Studies (INSS) said there were 592 suicide bombings in 2014, which represents a 94 percent increase over 2013.

The analysts attribute the rapid increase in the frequency of attacks to the rise of ISIS, ongoing unrest in the Middle East and the withdrawal of American forces from Afghanistan.

Across the Middle East, the number more than doubled from 163 in 2013 to 370 attacks in 2014, while the number of fatalities in these suicide attacks in the Middle East also surged from 1,950 to 2,750, according to the INSS report.

Part of the spike in terrorist events is a consequence of attacks launched outside of the Middle East, including a series of bombings in Africa by Boko Haram.

The number of attacks in Nigeria rose from 3 in 2013 to 32 in 2014. Somalia saw an increase from 14 in 2013 to 19 in the last year.

Nigeria also experienced an increase in bombings carried out by women.

The authors of the report – Yoram Schweitzer, Ariel Levin and Einav Yogev – believe the number of suicide attacks will not abate in 2015 for a variety of reasons, including the ongoing instability in various countries and "the strengthening of global jihadi elements, primarily IS and al-Qaida and its affiliates, which see suicide attacks as a proven means of struggle and an article of faith."

The last months of 2014 saw a doubling of terrorism in the Afghan capital of Kabul as Taliban militants sought to fill the vacuum left by the departure of U.S. forces, reports USA Today.

In December, researchers at the University of Maryland reported that terrorist attacks targeting education institutions have risen sharply since 2004 and have reached the highest level since they peaked in 1970.

The frequency of terrorism targeting Americans or were inspired by anti-American hatred has also increased since 2001.

"In the 24-year period from 1980 to 2003, there were just under 350 suicide terrorist attacks around the world – of which fewer than 15 percent could reasonably be considered directed against Americans. By contrast, in the six years from 2004 to 2009, the world has witnessed over 1,833 suicide attacks – of which 92 percent are anti-American in origin," wrote University of Chicago political scientist Robert Pape in the introduction to the 2010 book "Cutting the Fuse: The Explosion of Global Suicide Terrorism and How to Stop It."

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A new report released by Israel's Institute for National Security Studies (INSS) said there were 592 suicide bombings in 2014, which represents a 94 percent increase over 2013.
INSS, Middle East, suicide bombings
406
2015-01-07
Wednesday, 07 January 2015 03:01 PM
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