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Tags: World | Peaceful | Safer | Scientists

Scientists Say World Has Become More Peaceful

Scientists Say World Has Become More Peaceful
A soldier looks on during recent protests in Venezuela (AP)

By    |   Tuesday, 26 February 2019 12:57 PM

The world has become more peaceful and safer, scientists recently revealed after analyzing statistics they had gathered from 'all possible' wars, The Daily Mail reports. This comes despite armed conflict in areas such as Syria and the Middle East.

To arrive at these findings, researchers from Norway's Peace Research Institute Oslo examined combed through data from all possible conflicts a well as the countries they took place in and how many people were killed in the process. What they found was a decline in violence.

Research director Håvard Mokleiv Nygård believes the pivot point could have been the Korean War in the 1950s. After this "breaking point" there was a notable change in the number of people killed in armed conflict.

"The wars after the Korean War (1950–1953) have killed a quarter as many people as the wars before the Korean War," Nygård noted, according to The Daily Mail. He explained that the change in numbers that ensued could be an indication that the world is becoming a "more peaceful place."

Harvard professor Steven Pinker first suggested the world was becoming more peaceful in his book about the history of violence, “The Better Angels of Our Nature,” the Apollon, a research magazine from The University of Oslo notes.

However, there are mixed views on the subject. Professor Aaron Clauset from the University of Colorado in Boulder believes the database upon which the calculations were made did not provide an adequate foundation for such conclusions to be drawn.

Nygård pointed out that "the distribution of the number of people dying in war does not follow any normally distributed curve," and that there were "many wars in the middle of the curve with a certain number of killed and few wars on the curve’s extremes, with few or many killed."

He noted that wars could erupt that kill a great many people, pointing to the Second World War as an example. "A Third World War can also occur, in principle, with 150 million killed," he said, according to The Apollon.

Max Roser noted a similar decline in violence in his article "War and Peace," which was published by Our World In Data. According to the essay, the second half of the 20th century in Europe "was extraordinarily peaceful." Roser noted a similar decline in the number of war deaths since 1946.

"In some years in the early post-war era, around half a million people died through direct violence in wars; in contrast, in 2016 the number of all battle-related deaths in conflicts involving at least one state was 87,432," he wrote. "There are three marked peaks in war deaths since then: the Korean War (early 1950s), the Vietnam War (around 1970), and the Iran-Iraq and Afghanistan wars (1980s)."

Roser observed an increase in deaths driven by conflict in the Middle East however, there was a fast decline in the number of overall conflict related deaths.

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TheWire
The world has become more peaceful and safer, scientists recently revealed after analyzing statistics they had gathered from 'all possible' wars, The Daily Mail reports. This comes despite armed conflict in areas such as Syria and the Middle East.To arrive at these...
World, Peaceful, Safer, Scientists
483
2019-57-26
Tuesday, 26 February 2019 12:57 PM
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