With a large majority of Republicans wanting immigration decreased and half of Democrats wanting it increased, America is sharply torn on this contentious issue.
The situation at the southern border has brought the issue of immigration into sharp partisan focus.
Among Republicans, reducing immigration is up 21 points since June 2020, when 48% expressed this. This contrasts with a 5-point increase among independents, to 33%, and a 4-point increase among Democrats, to 17%.
Democrats (86%) are nearly twice as likely as Republicans (46%) to say immigration is a good thing for the country. Among independents, 75% say it is a good thing for the country.
These are some of the findings of the latest Gallup poll conducted July 5 to 26, when 27% of participants said immigration should be increased, 31% said that it should be kept at the current level, and 38% want it decreased.
Gallup notes that views on immigration policy have become increasingly polarized. In 2008, at the end of George W. Bush's administration, 46% of Republicans and 39% of Democrats wanted immigration reduced. By 2009, that gap had widened to 17 points, and it has since stretched to the current 52 points.
Gallup's question about the direction of U.S. immigration doesn't specify whether it refers to legal or illegal immigration, so this is left to the interpretation of respondents. In March, Gallup found 18% of Democrats, 39% of independents, and 68% of Republicans saying they worry "a great deal" about illegal immigration.
The July survey finds 15% of Republicans versus 3% of independents and less than 1% of Democrats identifying illegal immigration as the most important problem facing the country.
Gallup found that majorities of most key subgroups of Americans currently see immigration as a good thing, but the extent of this viewpoint varies by age, education, and party ID.
Adults aged 18 to 34 (83%) as well as those 35 to 54 (76%) are far more likely than adults 55 and older (57%) to consider immigration a good thing.
College graduates (80%) are more positive about immigration than adults with some college (65%) or no college education (64%).
The majority of Americans, 58%, still want the number of people coming to the U.S. from other countries either increased or kept as is, Gallup noted.
Gallup interviews a minimum of 1,000 U.S. adults aged 18 and older for each GPSS survey. Gallup interviews U.S. adults aged 18 and older living in all 50 states and the District of Columbia using a dual-frame design, which includes both landline and cell phone numbers.
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