KABUL -- Foreign military assertions that security in Afghanistan is improving are intended to influence Western public opinion ahead of a troop withdrawal and do not reflect the reality on the ground, a security group said.
"Indisputable evidence" that conditions are deteriorating included a two-thirds rise in insurgent attacks in 2010 compared with the previous year, according to an EU-funded organisation that advises aid groups on safety.
In one northern province raids more than tripled, the group said in a report.
A war review by President Barack Obama last month said "notable operational gains" had been made and the Taliban's momentum arrested in much of the country and reversed in some areas, but gains were fragile and reversible.
Those findings have been echoed by military commanders on the ground and by the most senior U.S. military officer, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Admiral Mike Mullen, on a visit to Afghanistan a day after the U.S. review was released.
The Afghanistan NGO Safety Office (ANSO), which advises non-governmental organisations (NGOs) on security, disputed that message.
"No matter how authoritative the source of any such claim, messages of this nature are solely intended to influence American and European public opinion ahead of the withdrawal," the group said in its quarterly report, which is aimed at helping aid groups make decisions involving security.
The report is not released to media but Reuters obtained a copy.
"(The messages) are not intended to offer an accurate portrayal of the situation for those who live and work here," the group said.
It found militant attacks were up 64 percent last year compared with 2009, equivalent to an average of 33 incidents a day, and while violence may have decreased in some areas, it had dramatically increased in others.
"If losses are taken in one area they are simply compensated for in another as has been the dynamic since this conflict started," ANSO said.
Obama's review also said the United States was on track to begin gradually withdrawing its troops — numbering about 97,000 out of some 150,000 foreign troops — in July, as Afghan forces slowly take over in parts of the country beginning in March.
This is part of a wider plan by President Hamid Karzai for Afghans to take the lead in securing the whole country by the end of 2014, an ambitious goal endorsed by Western leaders, who are under domestic pressure to bring forces home.
"Strategic communication" messages from foreign forces suggesting improvements in security, ANSO said, were aimed at justifying troop withdrawals to Western voters who had become increasingly weary of a war now nearly a decade old.
Casualty numbers on all sides of the conflict are at record levels. A total of 711 foreign force members were killed in 2010, by far the bloodiest year of the war and up from 521 in 2009.
But ordinary Afghans have borne the brunt as they get caught up in crossfire. According to U.N. figures, 2,412 civilians were killed in the first 10 months of last year.
The insurgency has also been rapidly spreading out of traditional strongholds in the south and east of the country and into previously peaceful areas in the north and west.
Militant attacks in six northern provinces increased faster than the average for all of Afghanistan, more than doubling in five and tripling in Sar-e-pol, ANSO said.
In the south, where foreign and Afghan forces have stepped up offensives over the last year, the increase in insurgent attacks suggested the capacity for militants to conduct raids had "improved substantially". Helmand province saw a 124 percent increase while attacks rose by 20 percent in Kandahar, it said.
Although there had been a decline in attacks from August onwards, this most likely reflected seasonal factors consistent with previous years, the report said, and attacks in December 2010 were 47 percent higher than in December the previous year.
© 2022 Thomson/Reuters. All rights reserved.