French President Emmanuel Macron and his allies on Sunday lost their absolute majority in the National Assembly and with it control of the reform agenda, a crushing outcome for the newly re-elected president.
For sure, Macron's centrist Ensemble alliance was set to end up with the most seats in Sunday's election, followed by the left-wing Nupes bloc headed by the hard left veteran Jean-Luc Melenchon, initial projections showed.
But Macron and his allies would fall well short of the absolute majority they would need to control parliament, and ministers and close aides acknowledged that, saying they would now have to reach out to others beyond their alliance to govern the country.
Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire called the outcome a "democratic shock" and said they would reach out to all pro-Europeans to help govern the country.
"The rout of the presidential party is complete and there is no clear majority in sight," Melenchon told cheering supporters.
United behind him, leftwing parties were seen on course to triple their score from the last legislative election, in 2017, but they failed to secure the outright win Melenchon had hoped for.
If confirmed, a hung parliament would open up a period of political uncertainty that would require a degree of power-sharing among parties not experienced in France in recent decades, or political paralysis and even possibly repeat elections.
Rachida Dati, from the conservative Les Republicains, called the result "a bitter failure" for Macron and said he should name a new prime minister.
There is no set script in France for how things will now unfold as Macron and Ensemble will seek to find a way forward to avoid paralysis.
"There are moderates on the benches, on the right, on the left. There are moderate Socialists and there are people on the right who, perhaps, on legislation, will be on our side," government spokeswoman Olivia Gregoire said.
Macron, 44, became in April the first French president in two decades to win a second term, but he presides over a deeply disenchanted and divided country where support for populist parties on the right and left has surged.
His ability to pursue further reform of the euro zone's second biggest economy would hinge on his ability to rally moderates outside of his alliance on the right and left behind his legislative agenda.
Forecasts by pollster Ifop, OpinionWay, Elabe and Ipsos showed Macron's Ensemble alliance winning 210-240 seats and Nupes securing 149-188.
The former head of the National Assembly, Richard Ferrand and Health Minister Brigitte Bourguignon lost their seats, in two major defeats for Macron's camp.
In another significant change for French politics, Le Pen's party could score a tenfold increase of its MPs, and win as much as close to 100 seats, the initial projections showed — its biggest number on record.
The Les Republicains party and its allies could also get as much as 100, potentially making them kingmakers, as their platform is more compatible with Macron's than any other group.
If official results, that have started trickling in, confirm Macron and his allies missed an absolute majority by a wide margin, they might either seek an alliance with Les Republicains or run a minority government that will have to negotiate laws with other parties on a case-by-case basis.
Macron had appealed for a strong mandate during a campaign held against the backdrop of a war on Europe's eastern fringe that has curbed food and energy supplies and sent inflation soaring, eroding household budgets.
"Nothing would be worse than adding French disorder to the world's disorder," the president had said ahead of the second-round vote.
Melenchon's Nupes alliance campaigned on freezing the prices of essential goods, lowering the retirement age, capping inheritance and banning companies that pay dividends from firing workers. Melenchon also calls for disobedience towards the European Union.
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