Antisemitic incidents in the United States hit a record of 3,697 last year, a 36% increase from 2021, according to the Anti-Defamation League's annual audit.
According to the ADL, that's the highest number on record since the organization began tracking antisemitic incidents in 1979 and the third time in the past five years that the year-end total was the highest number recorded.
Incidents increased in each of the major categories of the audit, with antisemitic harassment up 29%, antisemitic vandalism up 51%, and antisemitic assaults up 26%.
According to the audit, states with the highest number of incidents include New York, California, New Jersey, Florida, and Texas. Combined, those five states accounted for 54% of incidents.
The ADL also found that known white supremacist groups more than doubled their efforts to spread antisemitic propaganda, which accounted for 852 incidents last year.
The audit includes cases where individuals or groups were harassed with antisemitic content online via direct messages, listservs, or social media and does not assess the total amount of antisemitism online.
"This report lays bare some data around why the Jewish community has been feeling so vulnerable," Oren Segal, vice president of the ADL's Center on Extremism, told Axios.
The surge in antisemitism comes as the FBI warns about an increase in hate crimes and law enforcement agencies are increasingly opting not to share hate crime statistics with the federal agency.
Data from sources such as the Center for the Study of Hate and Extremism at California State University, San Bernardino, focuses on criminal acts and found that antisemitic hate crimes spiked last year in several major U.S. cities.
An FBI report from December revealed the number of hate crimes nationwide dipped slightly in 2021, but that the figures were likely an undercount because a new reporting system had caused some of the largest police departments in the country to stop reporting data.
A report from the FBI released this month showed hate crimes increased 11.6% in 2021.
Segal added that some public figures and social media influencers have contributed to the problem of normalized antisemitism by making bigoted comments, such as Ye, previously known as Kanye West.
Last year Ye raised eyebrows and made headlines when he tweeted antisemitic messages and a swastika to his 32 million Twitter followers. He was suspended from Twitter.
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