As the first line of the body’s own defense mechanism against infections, the adenoids and the tonsils play a very important role in maintaining the immune system in young children. Situated behind nose, adenoids are lymph tissues having infection-fighting white blood cells; the adenoids trap bacteria entering the body through the nose or the mouth. The adenoids are active up to 6 years of age, but they tend to wither and completely disappear by the age of 12. However, tonsil and adenoid infections are quite common in childhood and the problem becomes so chronic that doctors recommend adenoidectomies or adenoids removal surgery. Generally, the tonsils and adenoids are removed at the same time as the same surgical procedure is adopted for both the organs.
Risks of Surgery
Every surgery has associated risks; even a simple surgery like adenoidectomy can have serious side effects. According to statistics, tonsil and adenoid removal surgery has relatively low risks; it is simple and easy and the side effects are rare. The most common side effects witnessed after adenoids removal surgery or adenoidectomy are as follows:
Allergic reactions to painkillers: Adenoidectomy usually done on children to remove infected tonsils or adenoids require an anesthetic drug during the procedure. One of the most common side effects of this surgery is allergic reactions. Approximately 1 in 100 children may produce this reaction.
Severe bleeding: Bleeding is one the normal side effects of a surgery, but extended bleeding for more than two minutes requires immediate medical care. Less than 1 in 100 children experience this type of side effect.
Infections: As the oral cavity is filled with various bacteria, infections are possible after adenoiditis removal surgery. The surgery site may get infected, therefore the patient is usually prescribed antibiotics after the surgery to prevent infection.
Minor side effects: After the surgery, patients will experience minor side effects such as sore throat, earaches, sore mouth, bad breath, and change in voice. However, these are temporary complications or side effects, and they disappear within two to four weeks.
You should discuss the potential side effects of adenoids removal surgery with your physician. Contact your surgeon immediately if the patient experiences bright red bleeding from the mouth for more than a minute, or has fever or severe pain.
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