Seasonal affective disorder is a type of seasonal mood change and depression that occurs in winter. If the seasonal affective disorder, also known as SAD, is not treated properly, it may affect the patient’s life. Seasonal affective disorder is thought to occur due to reduced sunlight. This change of mood and depression is found more in women.
Signs of Seasonal Affective Disorder
Signs of seasonal affective disorder include lack of concentration, sleeping too much, feeling of hopelessness, fatigue, and social withdrawal. These signs begin appearing around fall and reach the peak level during winter. Other associated signs may include depression, anxiety, craving for sugary foods, overeating, and irritability. These signs cause sudden changes in behavior and mood.
SAD is a mood disorder, and these signs of changing moods are more likely to occur in women because of their hormonal changes. SAD signs appear for two years before proper diagnosis of the disorder.
Treatment of Seasonal Affective Disorder
A number of natural treatments are available for SAD and depression. These treatment courses are effective in reducing the signs and symptoms of seasonal affective disorder and can easily be adopted as home remedies. The treatment for depression and SAD includes:
Antidepressants are useful in the treatment of depression and seasonal affective disorder. Intake of antidepressants can play a significant part in SAD treatment if other treatment methods are not effective.
Exercise is an effective treatment of SAD signs. It helps reduce weight, which is one of the signs of seasonal affective disorder. Outdoor exercise and visiting the gym regularly can be effective for treating depression.
Getting sound sleep helps in treating depression, which is one of the major signs of SAD. Patients of SAD often find it difficult to sleep at night and wake up in the morning. Maintaining a regular schedule of proper sleep can be helpful.
Use lamps. Reduced lighting is a cause of signs associated with seasonal affective disorder. Increasing lighting in the room can make a difference and treat depression.
Intake of healthy diet can help in the treatment of seasonal affective disorder. Consuming berries, foods containing omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin B12, vitamin D, folic acid, and lean protein can be beneficial for the patient.
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