Laryngitis is a condition in which the larynx gets inflamed and swollen. The larynx is the voice box inside the throat. Vocal chords get swollen, which makes the voice sound hoarse. Laryngitis is of two types, acute laryngitis and chronic laryngitis, depending upon the severity. Whispering can cause strain on the patient’s vocal chords.
Most of the acute throat problems are caused by viral infection that causes swelling of the vocal chords. Such viral infection can cause serious complications in children like swelling of the throat.
Causes of Laryngitis
Bacteria or virus is responsible for the causes of laryngitis. Viral infection is one the common forms of this condition. Causes of viral infection may include other health conditions like cold, bronchitis, or flu. Viral infection causes infection and swelling of the larynx. Excessive consumption of alcohol can be one of the causes of hoarseness.
Other causes are heavy smoking or acid reflux. Bacterial infection, viral infection, and vocal strains are the causes of acute laryngitis. Acute laryngitis gets cured easily after the causes are treated. Cancer and paralysis of vocal chords are some of other causes of chronic laryngitis. Some of the common causes are listed here:
- Bacterial infection
- Irritants and chemicals
Treatments of Laryngitis
Various natural treatments are available that are effective and at the same time inexpensive. Some of the treatments and remedies helpful for reducing viral infection and bacterial infection are as follows:
Medication is one of the useful treatments for treating viral infection. It includes antibiotics and corticosteroids. Antibiotics are helpful for treating bacterial infection and antihistamines can be used for treating allergies.
Gargling with salt is a useful remedy helpful for the treatment of swollen throat. Take half a tablespoon of salt and add it to one glass of water. Gargle with this salt solution several times in a day to get relief from throat pain.
Honey is one of the useful natural treatments. It can be added in warm herbal tea. Honey is beneficial in soothing the affected throat.
Fluids are helpful for the treatment of infected throat. Consumption of plenty of fluids on a regular basis can be beneficial. Drinking fluids helps in preventing dehydration.
Vinegar is useful for the treatment of viral infection and bacterial infection. Mix vinegar with water in equal amounts and gargle the solution two to four times on a daily basis.
Ginger can be used as a natural treatment. Tea prepared from ginger is also beneficial. Consumption of half to one cup of ginger tea two to five times a day is recommended.
Lemon is an effective remedy for the treatment of sore throat. Take one teaspoon of a mixture of lemon juice and salt. Mix it in one cup of warm water and gargle with this solution three to four times on a daily basis to help in soothing an infected throat.
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