Kidney cysts and stones are more common in adults. Renal cysts affect more than 50 percent of adults. This disease condition of polycystic kidney disease causes numerous cysts or sac-like tissues in the kidney. A cyst may contain semifluid or fluid and is categorized either as simple or complex. PKD is a genetic disorder that can cause kidney stones and development of conditions such as high blood pressure, abnormality in heart valves, and cysts in other body organs. There are no visible symptoms for simple renal cysts. They may be painless and cause no danger. However, a complex cyst is painful, may bleed, and might cause many further complications such as stones or cancers.
Therefore, it requires immediate effective treatment to eradicate pain and prevent adverse health conditions. Surgery is one of the most effective treatments for a kidney cyst, as in the case of stones. It can largely help reduce pain. Let us discuss surgery as a treatment of a renal cyst.
When Is Surgery Required for a Kidney Cyst?
As in the case of chronic kidney stones, complex renal cysts also require surgery to get rid of pain and various complications. As in the case of stones, surgery is not essential for a simple kidney cyst if it does not cause pain. Only if the cyst is chronic, causes pain, or creates problems like an enlargement of the kidney or internal bleeding will the advised treatment include surgery.
Under normal conditions, similar to kidney stones, the cyst may also clear on its own naturally and might not require any treatment. Only if there is severe pain, hydration or pain control treatments are used for renal cysts. However, if pain persists, the sac-like blisters may start bleeding and other adverse conditions such as uncontrolled enlargement of kidney and cancers may begin. These make surgery necessary. Among the many surgical procedures possible for stones and renal cysts, the most effective surgical method for treating kidney cysts is laparoscopic cyst ablation.
Laparoscopic renal cyst ablation is the safest currently available treatment for cysts using a surgery to effectively treat pain and resolve PKD. This surgical treatment requires about three hours and is done using general or local anesthesia. In this, a laparoscope with a viewing probe is inserted into the abdomen along with tiny surgical instruments for operating. The abdomen is inflated with carbon dioxide gas to create space for the surgery. This gas is released at the end of the surgery procedure. In the treatment, the renal cysts are isolated and drained. The cyst wall is opened with a scissor and a removed portion of the cyst wall lining is sent for histological analysis. The remaining portion of the cyst wall is fixed in the kidney after coagulation and transforming to prevent further fluid production. Postsurgery, a drain is placed at the surgical site for draining.
Apart from relieving pain, this surgical treatment has the following advantages, which make it the best treatment for a renal cyst.
- It involves minimal blood loss, reduced pain, and a shorter stay in the hospital.
- It has an easy and quick recovery.
- Multiple cysts can be treated by surgery.
However, pain control medications are required even after the surgery.
Treating kidney cysts can prevent further complications like kidney stones and cancers.
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