Diabetes is commonly classified as Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes mellitus. While Type 2 is caused due to relative deficiency of insulin, Type 1 is due to the absolute deficiency of insulin. This means that in Type 1 diabetes the beta cells of pancreas that make insulin in the body do not work, while in Type 2 some beta cells are working while others may have been destroyed.
In juvenile diabetes, the signs and symptoms appear during the adolescent period. Usually, this is Type 1 diabetes mellitus. We provide a list of symptoms of juvenile diabetes below:
- The main signs and symptoms of juvenile diabetes are frequent urination and dehydration.
- Type 1 diabetes is also known as insulin dependent diabetes mellitus as insulin therapy is needed to manage this problem.
- The signs and symptoms of juvenile diabetes result from a disturbance of the immune system of the body. Researches show that viral infections with Epstein-Barr and Coxsackie etc. are linked with juvenile diabetes as these destroy insulin-producing cells.
- The symptoms of high blood glucose levels in juvenile diabetes increase the susceptibility to infections and are evident signs of this problem.
- Signs and symptoms of neuropathy like numbness in legs and hands are present in juvenile diabetes.
- Signs and symptoms of Type 1 diabetes appear more quickly than Type 2.
- Doctors often find nonhealing ulcers in patients of juvenile diabetes. These signs indicate low healing power of the body due to increased blood glucose levels.
- Signs of sugar loss in the urine like weight loss and fatigue are evident in juvenile diabetes. Most signs and symptoms in diabetic patients arise due to higher glucose levels and its complications.
- Signs and symptoms of nephropathy, neuropathy, and retinopathy are commonly observed.
- Foot ulcers are signs of nerve damage in juvenile diabetes patients. Increased hunger after eating is an extremely common sign of juvenile diabetes.
- Blurred vision due to diabetes affecting the retina is among other signs present in juvenile diabetes.
- One of the important signs of juvenile diabetes is frequent infection of the skin and genito-urinary system.
- Some signs and symptoms like pain in the abdomen, vomiting, loss of consciousness, and breathing difficulty can demand emergency management in juvenile diabetes.
Diet Can Manage Diabetes Mellitus
Dietary restriction is very essential for sugar control in diabetes. A high-fiber diet is always good for juvenile diabetes patients while a sugar- and fructose-rich diet is to be avoided. The diet prescribed for Type 1 diabetics is not very different from the diet prescribed for Type 2 diabetic patients. People on a low-carbohydrate diet need less insulin as compared to people with no diet restriction. A whole-grain diet is beneficial as the sugar levels do not rise steeply, helping signs and symptoms remain mild.
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