Celiac disease is becoming very common among children. Celiac disease is an autoimmune digestive disorder in which the intestines get damaged by gluten sensitivity of the system. Celiac disease is also called celiac sprue, nontropical sprue, endemic sprue or gluten sensitive enteropathy. Celiac disease often runs in families. Severe emotional stress or strong viral infection can often trigger celiac disease in children.
Gluten-intolerant people have raised IgG or IgA levels of anti-glidin antibodies. When a gluten-intolerant person takes a gluten-rich diet, then the antibodies damage the intestine linings and the absorption of nutrients is hampered. We can manage celiac disease only by changing our diet habits and adopting a gluten-free diet.
It is not easy to diagnose gluten-intolerant persons by their signs and symptoms. Most of the signs and symptoms of celiac disease are confused with irritable bowel syndrome, intestinal infection, or anemia. Signs and symptoms of vitamin deficiency are also evident in gluten intolerant people. It is also possible to have celiac disease without any obvious signs and symptoms sometimes.
Most of the gluten intolerant persons are seen with nutritional deficiencies. Sometimes, the signs and symptoms of vitamin K deficiency and abnormal coagulation attract diagnosis by the doctor. Gluten-intolerant children have many signs and symptoms like poor weight gain and frequent bowel movements. Gluten-intolerant persons complain of bloating, abdominal discomfort or pain, diarrhea, and muscular or joint pains. These signs and symptoms are generally very confusing. Long-term signs and symptoms of celiac disease are miscarriages in ladies, infertility, anemia, and osteoporosis. These signs and symptoms represent the nutritional deficiency in gluten intolerants.
Celiac disease is often linked with other autoimmune problems like rheumatoid arthritis, Hashimoto thyroiditis, autoimmune liver disease, and Type 1 diabetes mellitus.
The only treatment for gluten-intolerant people is a gluten-free diet. It is possible to design a tasty and healthy gluten-free diet. Gluten is found in wheat, barley, and rye. So gluten-free diets work by skipping these foodstuffs. Gluten-free diets can incorporate millet, banana, maize, sorghum, rice, buckwheat, etc. Gluten-intolerant people can consume rice, oats, and corn safely as they do not contain gluten. Still, there is debate whether to include oats in a gluten-free diet or not. Many ready-made gluten-free diets are available these days.
Some of the gluten-free products are fortified with vitamins and trace elements to prevent deficiencies. Any supplement that uses wheat, rye, or barley should never be a part of a gluten-free diet.
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