Cataract surgery is a surgical procedure performed to replace the eye lens. Eye cataract is an eye disease in which an eye lens becomes cloudy leading to decreased vision. The cataract surgery is performed to treat cloudiness of the eye lens. In cataract surgery, an artificial eye lens replaces the natural eye lens. A specialist eye doctor performs a cataract surgery.
A cataract is removed easily using cataract surgery. Cataract surgery is becoming very common and generally does not cause side effects. Though there are low risks associated with cataract surgery, some of these risks can be serious.
Risks and Side Effects of Cataract Surgery
Eye doctors will discuss the likely side effects and potential risks associated with cataract surgery before operating on the patient. Sometimes, even months or years after the surgery, the lens may again become cloudy, leading to recurring risks of blurred vision. Such cases cause a secondary cataract, with the side effects of impaired vision. An eye doctor creates a hole in the cloudy bag to improve the vision. Some risks associated with cataract surgery include:
- Retinal detachment
- Loss of vision due to serious infection
- Secondary cataract
The risks of developing an eye cataract increase with age. Some factors that may lead to risks of eye cataract are:
- Prolonged exposure to sunlight
- Consumption of alcohol
- Intake of medications that may affect the surgery
Maintaining cleanliness after surgery is required to prevent infection that may cause side effects and further risks. If the patient is suffering from other eye disorders like nearsightedness, risks of retinal detachment increase after the surgery. Apart from this, certain medicines may affect the surgery and cause side effects like bleeding during the surgery.
Retinal detachment is also among the serious side effects. If the positioning of the artificial lens is improper, complications and side effects can occur. In such cases, a repositioning, exchange, or removal of the lens is required. These side effects may lead to a loss of vision. Possible side effects and complications to watch out for, which may arise after a cataract surgery, include:
- Swelling of the retina
- Persistent inflammation
- Changes in eye pressure
- Blurred vision
- Retinal detachment
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