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Tags: bipolar disorder | symptoms | depression | anxiety | treatments

Bipolar Disorder: Symptoms and Treatments

Friday, 03 January 2014 12:01 AM EST

Bipolar disorder is a condition that affects the mood of patients. They may face depression and anxiety as symptoms. Bipolar disorder, a mental disorder, is also known as manic depression. Types of bipolar disorder are bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, and cyclothymic disorder. Frequent episodes of depression or mania may be experienced by the patients of bipolar disorder. During a state of depression, the bipolar disorder patient feels lethargic but during mania, the patient feels overactive. Causes of bipolar disorder are still unknown. Bipolar disorder episodes may last for weeks. Left untreated, these episodes may last for three to six months. Symptoms vary depending on the mood swings of the patient.

Symptoms of bipolar disorder vary depending on the type of disorder (depression or mania) and vary from person to person. Symptoms of depression may include insomnia, sadness, hopelessness, and extreme weight loss or weight gain. Anxiety, fatigue, tiredness, a feeling of guilt, underperformance at work, and irritation may be some other symptoms of depression. Symptoms of manic episodes in bipolar disorder patients may include psychosis, difficulty in concentration, impaired judgment, risky behavior, and overconfidence. Both patients of mania and depression may experience symptoms of psychosis. In this condition, patient may start believing that the things around them are unreal.
A number of treatments are available to reduce the symptoms of bipolar disorder. The types of treatments used depend upon the case. Medication can be part of most good treatments. Mood stabilizers are effective treatments used to avoid mood swings. Medications may include Symbyax, lithium, and benzodiazepines. The patients of bipolar disorder can take antidepressants, and visiting the psychiatrists may be helpful. If medications are not effective, other treatments like electroconvulsive therapy can be used. This therapy is beneficial for both mania and depression treatments. Hospitalization may be required as one of the treatments for cases of severe depression and anxiety. Certain treatments can recommend making changes in lifestyle. Exercising, a balanced diet, and adequate sleep can be beneficial treatments.

Psychotherapy can be an important part of the treatment process. Counseling from friends and family can benefit the patients significantly. Treatments like talk therapy with a mental health practitioner and involvement of family members in the treatments can also reduce symptoms of bipolar disorder.

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Bipolar disorder is a mental disorder in which patients suffer from symptoms like depression and anxiety. Various treatments are available depending on the type of bipolar disorder.
bipolar disorder,symptoms,depression,anxiety,treatments
Friday, 03 January 2014 12:01 AM
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