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Tags: arthritis | types

What Are the Different Types of Arthritis?

By    |   Thursday, 09 July 2015 11:11 PM EDT

There are as many as 200 arthritis types that may appear alone or along with other degenerating diseases, according to Medical News Today. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are the most common forms of the disease. Types of arthritis are divided into categories that include inflammatory disease, degenerative conditions, back pain, connective tissues and infections.

Here are some of the different types of arthritis.

1. Osteoarthritis is caused by wear and tear on the joints that breaks down cartilage and affects the bones causing pain, stiffness, inflammation and swelling, according to Arthritis.com, a Pfizer website. The knees, hips, hands, fingers, and spine are areas most affected. Osteoarthritis also may occur in the wrists, elbows, shoulders, ankles and feet.

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2. Rheumatoid arthritis affects the body’s immune system, attacking tissues around the joints that results in inflammation in the joint lining. Symptoms include pain, stiffness, swelling, warmth, and redness in the hands, fingers and wrists. Rheumatoid arthritis also affects the neck, shoulders, elbows, hips, knees, ankles, feet and other areas throughout the body. Fatigue and fever may occur with rheumatoid arthritis. Symptoms can appear for a while and then diminish or disappear during periods of remission.

3. Inflammatory arthritis damages the joints from inflammation. It includes rheumatoid arthritis but also results in reactive arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis, which affects the spine and large joints.

4. Soft tissue musculoskeletal pain may result from an injury or overuse during physical activities or sports. Tennis elbow is an example of musculoskeletal pain from the softening of tissues around the joints.

5. Back pain can be a result of osteoarthritis or arthritis in the spine when the muscles, ligaments, bones, joints or discs in the back are weakened.

6. Connective tissue disease may cause inflammation in the joints, muscles, skin, lungs and kidneys. Scleroderma is a connective tissue disease involving the buildup of scar-like tissue in the skin. It can also damage cells in the arteries.

7. Gout is among the arthritis types that may include swollen joints and pain. It results from the overproduction and deposit of uric acid crystals in tissues and fluids. Flare-ups and periods of remission occur with gout.

8. Psoriatic arthritis often arises from psoriasis, a skin condition. Joint pain and inflammation may occur following the appearance of skin lesions from psoriasis. The body’s immune system attacks cells and tissues, causing inflammation in the joints.

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9. Childhood arthritis includes juvenile chronic arthritis, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, and juvenile idiopathic arthritis. These diseases occur in children younger than 16 years of age.

10. Infectious arthritis erupts from a bacterium, virus or fungus that causes inflammation of the joints. Joint infection can come from salmonella, chlamydia, gonorrhea or hepatitis C.

11. Fibromyalgia is included among arthritis types. It may occur along with conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis or ankylosing spondylitis. Symptoms of fibromyalgia include widespread pain, sleep disruption, fatigue and distress.

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There are as many as 200 arthritis types that may appear alone or along with other degenerating diseases, according to Medical News Today.
arthritis, types
Thursday, 09 July 2015 11:11 PM
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