Arthritis risk factors include inherited genes and conditions related to trauma or injury that damage the joints, according to MedicineNet.com
. However, other risk factors can develop over time. Knowing the risks and signs will help you to seek medical advice as early as possible to start treatment that relieves and reduces arthritis symptoms.
There are many different types of arthritis, but osteoarthritis is the most common, followed by rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis usually causes pain, inflammation, stiffness or swelling in the knees, hips, hands, fingers and spine. Other areas, such as the shoulders, elbow and ankles may also be affected.
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Although arthritis can begin in young adulthood, aging increases the risk of developing osteoarthritis. This can result from the increased risk of injury to the joint as people age. Sporting activities or physical activity and labor might cause repeated wear and tear on certain joints, leading to the disease.
Certain occupations that involve bending or squatting increase the risk of osteoarthritis in the knee, Medical News Today notes
Over time, improper joint alignment could result in osteoarthritis. For example, people who are double-jointed or have dislocated hips have increased risk factors for osteoarthritis.
Obesity or being overweight increases your chances of developing osteoarthritis. Excess weight can put pressure on the joints, especially the knees, which take on a majority of pressure from too much weight when walking or performing physical activities.
More men develop osteoarthritis before age 45 while more women develop it after age 55, Medicine.Net said
Rheumatoid arthritis may cause morning pain and stiffness in affected joints, lasting for more than an hour. Although the hands, wrists and fingers are often affected, this form of arthritis can also appear in other areas from the neck and shoulders to the ankles and feet. The disease can eventually cause symptoms such as fatigue and fever or ill feelings.
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Rheumatoid arthritis risk factors include genetics because the immune system is affected. A family history of the condition may increase your risk of developing the condition. There may also be environmental factors. If you have an inherited risk for rheumatoid arthritis, an infection may trigger the disease, according to Arthritis.com
. Infection might also cause the development of arthritis in anyone when the joints are affected.
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