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Tags: apert syndrome | genetic | children | symptoms | causes

Apert Syndrome: Symptoms and Causes

Saturday, 08 March 2014 11:03 PM EST

Genetic mutations to gene sequences can occur in neonates and newborn children that could cause lifelong disabilities and conditions. One such genetic disorder affecting new born children is Apert syndrome.
What is Apert Syndrome and What Are its Causes?

Apert syndrome affects children in such a way that their skull growth, shape, and size are not proper. In Apert syndrome, children undergo genetic mutation due to different skull bones joining together prematurely before complete bone formation and growth. This causes the skull to remain in a fixed shape while the brain inside it is still growing. This in turn causes the eyes to bulge, the forehead to appear big, and the shape of the head to appear abnormal in children affected with Apert syndrome. The causes for Apert syndrome are known to be genetic, and they occur at the time when the fetus forms in the mother’s womb.
Symptoms of Apert Syndrome

The symptoms of Apert syndrome are associated with the fact that the skull is closed prematurely, which causes the brain to go out of shape. Some of the striking symptoms of Apert syndrome include the following:
  • Elongated head is one of the common symptoms
  • Apert syndrome causes bulging eyes that are widely set
  • High forehead is seen in children with Apert syndrome
  • Sunken middle face is also observed as a result of skull shape modification in Apert syndrome
In addition to these symptoms, Apert syndrome causes certain other symptoms in children since it is a genetic disorder. Some of these symptoms include the following:
  • Sleep apnea is one of the common symptoms
  • Repeated infections in the ears or sinus
  • Poor intellectual development is one of the less frequent symptoms of Apert syndrome
  • Hearing loss occurs in some children with Apert syndrome
  • Abnormal bone fusion in the hands and feet, leading to webbed feet appearance in children with Apert syndrome
Apert syndrome also causes some malfunctioning of the gastrointestinal system, urinary, and cardiovascular systems.

In children who show symptoms of Apert syndrome, surgery is one of the most probable solutions that could set right some of the symptoms. Surgery helps correct the shape of the skull. Surgery also aims at correcting the abnormal fusion between the bones to reduce the symptoms of Apert syndrome like bulging eyes and elongated head.

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Though Apert syndrome affects only 1 in every 65,000 children, it is a genetic disorder that causes serious symptoms including hearing loss, sleep apnea, bulging eyes, and disfigured head. Surgery is the only major solution to solving the symptoms of Apert syndrome.
apert syndrome,genetic,children,symptoms,causes
Saturday, 08 March 2014 11:03 PM
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