ACL surgery is the procedure performed for the reconstruction of an ACL tear. ACL surgery helps in repairing the torn structures in the knee. ACL stands for anterior cruciate ligament, a ligament in the knee. Movement of bones is controlled by ligaments in the knee. Four ligaments hold the knee joint together. Abnormal motion can damage the functioning of the knee. This can also cause damage in other structures in the knee, leading to serious problems.
In the ACL surgery, a graft is used for replacing the ligament. Two types of grafts are used in ACL surgery viz. autograft and allograft. In ACL surgery, either a small or a large incision is made in the knee. An orthopedic surgeon performs the ACL surgery.
Treatment options for an ACL tear vary based upon various factors viz. age and kind of injury. Surgical and nonsurgical treatment options are available to treat an ACL tear. Nonsurgical treatment options are used to strengthen the muscles surrounding the knee. Various treatment options for an ACL tear are:
- Physical therapy
- Activity modification
- Use of a knee brace
Nonsurgical treatment options are used when the ACL is damaged but not so much that it needs reconstruction. ACL surgery leads to better results as replacement with another tendon from the knee is used for reconstruction. Different options are available in ACL surgery. The orthopedic surgeon considers many factors before selecting the type of treatment option suitable for the patient.
Reconstruction as the Best Option
Arthroscopic techniques are usually used to perform an ACL surgery. Additional reconstruction may be required if other structures in the knee are also damaged. ACL reconstruction surgery is one of the best options to provide stability to the knee and to restore its functions. Patients treated using reconstruction surgery options have high success rates. Reconstruction treatment options help injured players get back to their sports. Patients who had failures with prior surgeries can choose reconstruction surgeries as the treatment options for relief.
People involved in sports activities should consider reconstruction surgery. Patients suffering from a combination of injuries can also take the help of reconstruction surgeries if suggested by the orthopedic doctor. A torn meniscus may accompany an ACL injury. Treatment plans may be altered in cases of a combination of injuries like a torn meniscus along with an ACL tear. In such cases, the orthopedic surgeon may repair the torn meniscus at the time of an ACL reconstruction surgery.
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